Orientation and Mobility
ORIENTATION AND MOBILITY
Orientation and mobility (O&M) is a related service that helps a child who is blind or visually impaired know where they are in space (orientation) and how to carry out a plan to get from point A to point B (mobility). Movement is a building block for learning and as children explore and interact with their world, learning occurs. Children with visual impairments typically need encouragement to explore their surroundings as the world can be a startling and unpredictable place.
O&M begins with understanding where your body ends and where the environment begins. It also includes knowing about and understanding relationships between different objects in the environment. O&M is a related service and may be provided for all students with visual impairments from birth through age 21 years, regardless of additional disabilities by a Certified Orientation and Mobility Specialist (COMS).